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The Buila-VÃ¢nturariÅ£a National Park, a future site of the European Ecologic Network Nature 2000, was established by Gouvernamental Decision 2151/2004 and is administrated by National Administration of Forest Romsilva in partnership with the Kogayon Association. Buila-VÃ¢nturariÅ£a is the smallest national park in Romania, with a total area 4186 ha, located in the VÃ¢lcea County (south-western part of Romania), in the southern corner of CÄƒpÄƒÅ£Ã¢nii Mountains (the Meridional Carpathians), lying on the territory of the CosteÅŸti and BÄƒrbÄƒteÅŸti villages and of the BÄƒile OlÄƒneÅŸti city.
The Park comprises the linear limestone ridge of the Buila-VÃ¢nturariÅ£a Massive, 14 km long. It lies from the western corner of the BistriÅ£a Gorges to the eastern side of the OlÄƒneÅŸti Gorges (Folea), and it is dominated by the two peaks from whom the massive took its name: The Buila Peak (1849 m) and the VÃ¢nturariÅ£a Mare Peak (1885 m).
The Massive has the specific characteristics of the karstic relief, with many exokarstic shapes (gorges, limestone slopes, dolines, lapiez fields, swallets, needles, detritus fields, straits) and endokarstic (caves and pitches).
Due to its isolated nature and difficult access, there are many entirely preserved elements of the natural patrimony: natural habitats, virgin forests, numerous protected species of flora and fauna, mineralogical and paleonthological sites and caves.
Elements of extra attractiveness and added value of the Park are the cultural-historical monuments on its territory or in its vicinity: the Monasteries: Arnota, BistriÅ£a, Horezu, FrÄƒsinei; the Hermitages: PÄƒtrunsa, Pahomie, Iezer, Bradu, Jgheaburi; the churches of the former hermitages 44 Izvoare, PÄƒpuÅŸa, Peri; the small church Ovidenia in the Batsâ€™ Cave, the churches of the nearby villages. Last but not least, there are the traditions, customs and the specific architecture of the villages down the mountain in the Oltenia region.